These cybercriminals use multiple types of techniques to launch a Cyber Attack. Some of the techniques may include malware, phishing, ransomware, and so on. Nowadays, these Cyber Attacks are increasing day by day and are very dangerous especially to big organizations, public institutions, hospitals, and so forth.
What are the different types of Cyber Attack and How Cyber Attacks work?
Phishing is the practice using which the cybercriminals send the emails through the reputed or trusted sources in order to gather the personal information or influence the users to do something. Cyber attackers also tricked the victims to download the malware into their systems by ensuring them that is the important document to download. This phishing attack is also done by forcing the victims to access the link that will straightaway redirect them to the fake website where they will ask you to input your personal details. The personal details may include your complete name, email address, mobile number, etc. Along with this, it prompts you also have to enter the card details including your card number and CVV. Once you entered all the details, they hack your accounts and steal all your confidential information, misuse it, or demands you for the money in return.
Man in the middle attack (MitM) or EavesDropping attacks
For example, you are on a call with your boss and your boss shared some confidential information with you. In that scenario, the man in the middle i.e the attacker will be listening to your whole conversation and get all the important information. You will not get any idea at that time that your private information is stolen by someone else. Man in the Middle attack comes via an unsecured public wi-fi that you are using. Once the attackers have breached your device, then it can install the software within your device and get access to all your information.
SQL Injection Attack
SQL injection attack is the most commonly used attack due to which many users have to suffer a lot. This attack takes place whenever the attacker executes an SQL query to the device or to a server and then a server is forced to reveal all their crucial information. For instance, the criminal can generate a query that disrupts and gets installed into the database of your web page via the SQL Injection.
Once this SQL Injection gets into your server or device they can access the sensitive data, customize the database as per their preference, execute administration operation, and so on. The sad and dangerous part of this attack is that it not only steals your personal data but also wipes them completely from your device or server.
There are two distinct techniques that are used to steal the password of the users. The first one is Brute-Force Guessing and another one is Dictionary Attack. In the Brute- Force Guessing technique the users randomly guess the passwords and try to get the exact one. In case, if the attacker knows the victim then it applies the logic by inserting the name, date of birth, job, or hobbies as their passwords. Whereas, in the Dictionary Attack the hacker tries to insert some common passwords that the user can fix to crack it. Also, it can use the passwords that are obvious to guess such as 1234, abcde, or using consecutive numbers or symbols.
This attack automatically hits the victims once you access the download link or view a message that is inappropriate for you. You need to protect yourself from these attacks by avoiding accessing the websites that contain malicious codes. Also, make sure that you don’t leave the web browsers open and it must be up to date so that you must be aware of all the latest security features.